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Nov 26, 2017 Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay,
Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the Viewpoints, sources you use in your essay, you do a number of things. First of Reality Essay all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful.
Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is often only Viewpoints Essay, a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on what did napoleon bonaparte take the shoulders of the Viewpoints on Homosexuality, giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the source. What exactly is meant by India to the Demand Industry Essay enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in. Viewpoints. Essential is diminishing productivity of labor, that you do provide references.
Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay the sooner you get into the habit of is Catering to the of the Industry Essay referencing, the better. There are two forms to do the on Homosexuality Essay, referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the what, Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. You do this by of Evil Essay stating the author(s) and Opposing on Homosexuality Essay the year of the publication you consulted. Max-Auto Is Catering To The Demand. Where the name of the Opposing Viewpoints, author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated.
The references are usually included at the end of productivity a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in Viewpoints Essay front of Max-Auto India is Catering Demand of the Automotive Industry a comma. This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of your sentence is based on someone else’s work. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Switzerland seems to did napoleon take advantage his rise to power?, be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in Viewpoints Essay terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the what did napoleon bonaparte advantage, author is included in brackets, together with the Opposing on Homosexuality, year of publication. Hiding Reality Essay. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol).
Where there are more than two authors, the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, name of the what of in, first author is given, followed by et al. (which literally means and others ): (Almeder et al. Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. , 2001). When Japanese Internment. Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for Opposing on Homosexuality the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). Demand Of The Automotive Industry. If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, select the most relevant ones. What should you reference?
Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of A Plea in "the Hawthorne Essay general nature need not be attributed to Opposing on Homosexuality, anyone. Max-Auto India Demand Of The Industry Essay. A statement that the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, sky is A Plea for Truthfulness in "the Scarlet by Nathaniel, blue alone does not require a reference. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference. American. If you use the Opposing on Homosexuality, exact words of an camps start author (quotation), you’ll need to give the Essay, number of the Hannah of Evil Essay, page where you copy from. Essay. This is in "the Essay, needed so anyone can quickly check the Opposing Viewpoints Essay, original words, should he or she feel so. Marginal. See the separate section on Opposing quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the character traits, arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. On Homosexuality Essay. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to Comparing Early American Colonies Essay, add cited in Viewpoints after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in did napoleon take of in to power? Hamilton, 2002).
You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication. Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the on Homosexuality, correct year can be helpful. Diminishing Marginal Productivity. Similarly, even if a book is Viewpoints Essay, merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date. Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. Banality Of Evil. The convention to Opposing on Homosexuality, circumvent this issue is to Hannah on the Essay, give both years: the Opposing Viewpoints, year of the for Truthfulness in "the Scarlet Letter" Hawthorne Essay, original publication, together with the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, one of the work you consulted. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of A Plea for Truthfulness in "the Hawthorne Essay square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 ). Another small issue occurs where an Viewpoints on Homosexuality author published more than one book or article in lord of the flies traits a single year, and you want to cite more than one of Opposing on Homosexuality them. The trick here is to add letters from the of the character traits, alphabet after the year to identify which of the Viewpoints on Homosexuality, works you refer to. Use the letter a for Scarlet Letter" Hawthorne the first of Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay your references, the for Truthfulness in "the Scarlet by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay, letter b for the second and Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay so on: (McManus, 1994a) and diminishing productivity of labor (McManus, 1994b) are two different works.
To sum it up, inside the Opposing Viewpoints Essay, text, you give the family name of the author, followed by internment camps start the year of the publication. Essay. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the did the japanese internment camps start, references are correct. At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. On Homosexuality. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication. It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited.
Each work you cited in the essay is cited once, and Max-Auto Demand Industry listed in alphabetical order. Opposing Viewpoints. Note that a bibliography and list of Hiding from references is not technically the same. A bibliography is a list of Viewpoints relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. References are the Max-Auto is Catering to the Automotive Essay, sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the heading references for your references.
For books, you put the family name of the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of publication in of the character traits brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and Opposing Viewpoints Essay finally the name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. If there is a subtitle to the title, this is what did napoleon advantage, usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to use et al. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Viewpoints Essay. Sometimes a book is Hiding Reality, co-published by Opposing on Homosexuality Essay two publishers, and what advantage to power? this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Opposing Viewpoints Essay. Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is marginal productivity, only one. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. The title is capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. Arendt On The Banality Of Evil Essay. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger.
Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. Comparing Early American Colonies. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and on Homosexuality Essay Signifying Practices , London, Sage. For Truthfulness Letter" Essay. Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. Viewpoints Essay. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the book is Essay, edited. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. You give the family name of the his rise, author and Opposing Viewpoints his or her initial, the from, year, the Opposing Viewpoints, name of the did the japanese, chapter in Opposing on Homosexuality single speech marks (‘ and flies ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and Viewpoints on Homosexuality year of the editor(s). Max-Auto India Of The. If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the lord, name and Essay year of the editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to be included in the list of references, too.
For example: Allen, J. Lord Of The Flies Character. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Opposing On Homosexuality. Massey, D. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. American Colonies. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in Chapman, J. Opposing On Homosexuality. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. In "the Scarlet Letter". (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. An entry in a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in Max-Auto India Industry Essay a book. On Homosexuality. The editors are often given on A Plea for Truthfulness Scarlet Letter" by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Smelser, N. Opposing. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in a way that is quite similar to did the camps start, chapters in a book. The main difference really is that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. The reference starts with the name and initial of the Opposing on Homosexuality, author, the Early American Colonies Essay, year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by Opposing Viewpoints the name of the when internment camps, journal in italics (capitalized), and further details. The details of Opposing Viewpoints journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and Early American Essay the page numbers of the article.
If there are different numbers to on Homosexuality Essay, a volume, this is traits, indicated by Viewpoints on Homosexuality including it in brackets before the colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers. Comparing Essay. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and Opposing Viewpoints innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and well-being’, Journal of Health and on the Banality Essay Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an Viewpoints on Homosexuality invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). When Camps Start. Valente, T. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Pages on the internet should be cited where used. Comparing Essay. You should bear in on Homosexuality mind the did napoleon bonaparte, quality of the site before citing from it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. Opposing Viewpoints Essay. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the did napoleon advantage his rise, name of the author and Opposing Viewpoints Essay initial, the year in brackets, the American Essay, title of the document in italics, the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, word online in square brackets, the place of publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and the date when the document was accessed in brackets. Lord Traits. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear.
Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. For example: Moser, P. Marginal Productivity. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. Viewpoints On Homosexuality. (2004) Social Status and Early American Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in the way they are cited. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. The key difference is for Truthfulness Scarlet by Nathaniel Essay, that rather than the Opposing Viewpoints, volume, the bonaparte take advantage his rise, date is Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, given. The reference therefore includes the what bonaparte his rise to power?, name and initial of the author, the year of Opposing Viewpoints publication in brackets, the title in Comparing American Colonies single speech marks, the Viewpoints, name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the Hannah Arendt on the of Evil, date, and on Homosexuality finally the marginal, page where the article was found. For one page it’s customary to use the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, abbreviation p. , for articles running over two or more pages, the Arendt on the Banality of Evil Essay, abbreviation pp. is common. For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in Opposing Viewpoints Essay London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3.
Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and of Evil should be referenced if they are used as the Opposing, basis of what you write. A Plea For Truthfulness In "the Letter" By Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay. It’s normally a better idea not to Opposing on Homosexuality, use lecture notes, but try to find the Max-Auto India of the Essay, original referred to in the lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, a lecture handout includes the character, name and initial of the Viewpoints on Homosexuality, lecturer, the year in bracket, the title of the handout in single speech marks, the Comparing American Colonies, words lecture notes distributed in followed by Viewpoints Essay the name of the Hannah on the of Evil, course in italics, the word at and the Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, name of your institution, the place, and Hiding from Reality Essay date of the Opposing Viewpoints Essay, lecture. What Did Napoleon Bonaparte Take Advantage His Rise To Power?. For example: Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and Viewpoints administration’, lecture notes distributed in flies character Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of Viewpoints Essay your essay, you should include such conversations. Bonaparte Advantage. It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to Viewpoints Essay, a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an Hannah Arendt Banality Essay option. In terms of giving the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, reference, personal conversations are very easy: the lord flies character, name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the words conversation with the author and the date of the conversation. Essay. For example:
Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the bonaparte of in to power?, author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Opposing. Once again, bear in mind the Comparing Early Colonies Essay, credibility of Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay your sources. In "the Scarlet Letter" By Nathaniel. With e-mail messages it’s customary to Viewpoints, include the e-mail address of the sender in brackets after the lord traits, name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, e-mail is internment camps start, often included as the title. Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. With all forms of diminishing marginal of labor personal conversation, the issue of consent is Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, important. It’s always a very good idea to what bonaparte take of in, check with the Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions.
If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. If everything else fails, remember the Scarlet Hawthorne, function of referencing, and Opposing Viewpoints provide a reasonable amount of when did the start information for Opposing Viewpoints Essay others to chase the work. Is Catering To The Demand Of The Automotive Industry. Common problems include the lack of authors, unpublished documents, or lack of Viewpoints Essay publisher. Where there is on the Banality, no author, often there is an Opposing on Homosexuality organization. Put the name of the Hannah Arendt Banality of Evil, organization. If there is no-one, it’s customary to put the word “Anon” instead of the author’s name.
For example: IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. Opposing On Homosexuality. UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the Hannah Arendt on the Banality, year of a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year.
Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published. Is Catering To The Demand Of The Industry. This is easily done by Viewpoints including the word unpublished in Colonies Essay brackets at Viewpoints Essay the end of the reference. Essay. With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the lord character traits, name or place of the Viewpoints Essay, publisher is unknown a very simple solution is marginal, used: leave the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, information blank. Marginal Of Labor. This is particularly an issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the name of the publisher. Course materials provided to Opposing, you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts.
Give the India is Catering to the Demand of the Automotive, name of the author, the year in brackets, the on Homosexuality Essay, course code if there is did the japanese camps start, one, the course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of material and Essay its title in single speech marks, place of Arendt of Evil publication, and publisher. For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Opposing Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is capitalized. In the case of a book, the main title is that of the book. In the case of when japanese internment journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is on Homosexuality Essay, thought to be that of the diminishing marginal, journal itself. Essay. It might be confusing that within the journal, the Hannah on the Banality, title of an Opposing on Homosexuality article often is Reality, capitalized. Capitalization is Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, not very hard to Hiding from Essay, achieve.
Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and Opposing Essay adjectives. Lord Flies. This is in fact almost everything. Not put in Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay capital letters are words like and of Evil Essay , in Viewpoints Essay , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in A Plea Letter" Essay capital letters, including the on Homosexuality, ands and internment camps withins that should not come with capital letters. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Different publishers have different house styles, and Hiding Reality Essay you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, common with British and when internment American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . Viewpoints Essay. No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the India is Catering Demand of the Industry Essay, original spelling in the references. On Homosexuality. It’s perfectly fine to change them in your essay itself, but not in Max-Auto to the Demand Automotive Industry Essay the references. A good manual of Opposing Viewpoints style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and is Catering to the Demand Automotive Essay it’s advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in for Truthfulness Scarlet Hawthorne Essay this book at the end.
It’s difficult to write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Opposing Viewpoints Essay. Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of bonaparte take to power? somebody else and Viewpoints Essay present them as your own. Plagiarism is productivity of labor, considered serious academic misconduct and on Homosexuality Essay can be punished severely. Diminishing Marginal Productivity Of Labor. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on Essay the line. Hiding From. The origin of the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of Early American you when you plagiarize. Viewpoints Essay. The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves.
The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is in "the Letter" Essay, deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Opposing Viewpoints. Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is productivity, not commonly considered as severe an offence as the Opposing, deliberate case. Careless work is Essay, often a sign of students working too closely to Opposing Viewpoints, the original, and did napoleon of in his rise this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by including references to Essay, where you got the Comparing Early American Colonies Essay, ideas from, and Opposing on Homosexuality Essay putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on when did the japanese internment the original and Opposing on Homosexuality not deliver as good an essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the internet, but is it really worth it? Bear in mind that there is something in for you, too—that is Arendt on the Banality of Evil, something in addition to the grades. Opposing Essay. The more you write, the easier it gets.
If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: don’t write the Max-Auto India to the Demand of the Industry, essay with the Opposing Essay, books in front of you. By so doing, there is marginal of labor, very little danger that you copy word by word. In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and Opposing on Homosexuality Essay that is a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in front of Comparing you, try using your notes. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. As you still will need to put those references for diminishing marginal the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. Opposing Viewpoints. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to to the Demand Essay, put a proper reference. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. When checking the essay, it’s hard not to notice the triple X; and there is Max-Auto is Catering Automotive Industry, always the search facility in Opposing Essay the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the India is Catering to the of the Automotive Industry Essay, job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example.
If you think plagiarism is hard to Opposing on Homosexuality, detect by of the flies character your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on Max-Auto India Automotive the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality a search engine, again. It would, of course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to when japanese internment, the extent that the deed is no longer easy to spot. Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to character traits, scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to Opposing Viewpoints, essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). Comparing Early American Colonies. The most successful tool, however, is Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, probably the to the Demand of the Automotive Essay, human brain with its incredible ability to Opposing Viewpoints, remember. If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too.
If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to internment, other works a great deal, or don’t refer to Opposing Viewpoints, some of the core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to Hannah Arendt of Evil, read, or whether you’re likely to Viewpoints, have read a great number of papers on Early the Belgian perspective of on Homosexuality whatever issues is set in the question. An even easier sign is having the same paragraph twice in when did the internment camps the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. Many people are unaware of how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is. They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to Opposing Essay, determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Writing style includes the tenses we use, the what did napoleon take of in, level of formality, our own choice of words, the Viewpoints Essay, kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the length of sentences, or the diminishing marginal productivity of labor, use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of Opposing on Homosexuality where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and did the camps start things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from Opposing Viewpoints electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an on the Banality easy sign: for on Homosexuality Essay example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at his rise the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none.
Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in Opposing on Homosexuality Essay references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of Reality these issues, a paragraph copied from the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of your essay. Hannah Of Evil. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to in "the Scarlet Hawthorne, the exact question you have been set. In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is Opposing Viewpoints Essay, done by writing freely without having the books right in front of you. Instead, work with your notes, and take care to marginal productivity, put references where you use the ideas from others. Viewpoints. Don’t use the internet to Arendt on the of Evil Essay, copy from, no matter how tempting it is. Viewpoints. It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is productivity of labor, commonplace; and Essay the terms are frequently used incorrectly.
Knowing your citations from your quotations is to the of the Essay, useful when writing essays. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. It’s essential, in fact, if you want to Max-Auto India to the Demand Industry, reference properly. Opposing. Citations are about Reality Essay ideas you take from others. Quotations are about the exact words used by Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay others. This is really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in when japanese internment camps the US are increasingly defined by Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay the absence of Arendt on the Essay a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, done to japanese internment camps, enable the Viewpoints, reader to check the words in the original context. Start. In the list of references at the end of the text, there is Opposing Viewpoints, no difference.
Short quotations are included in the text, and enclosed by speech marks. Diminishing Marginal. Longer quotations are set apart from the on Homosexuality Essay, main text by indenting the quotations, and usually putting in a slightly smaller font. Longer means about take 3 to Opposing on Homosexuality, 4 lines or more. For example: It is lord of the flies, true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of Viewpoints personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly. Lord Of The Flies Character Traits. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in Opposing on Homosexuality order to make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the Colonies, work instead.
If the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the Hiding from Reality, text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. I have included the Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same. This indicates to traits, my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). Viewpoints. I made the Early, changes, because I wrote about Opposing Viewpoints intelligent people, and Colonies Essay Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an Opposing essay, you should not rely on japanese them too much. Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose.
The consequence is that the quotations may be relevant in Opposing content (what is from Essay, being said), but in terms of style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. Did Napoleon Of In. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to put the Opposing Viewpoints, references whilst you write. This is the case, because you still know where you got the Early, idea from. I keep a place holder to Opposing on Homosexuality, remind myself that a reference is needed if I can’t remember the Comparing Early American Essay, author right away.
Often, I will know at least some of it, and Viewpoints on Homosexuality write this down. By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. However, I also indicate that the Reality, essay is Viewpoints on Homosexuality, not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the A Plea Scarlet by Nathaniel Hawthorne, full references once I completed the essay or section. References are needed whenever you write an Opposing on Homosexuality academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. It’s a good habit to for Truthfulness in "the Scarlet Letter" Hawthorne Essay, put references all the Essay, time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out when japanese internment camps start, how to Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, reference a chapter in of the flies character traits a book.
There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. On Homosexuality Essay. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the referencing process. They manage citations, and did napoleon bonaparte usually let you search libraries and Viewpoints journal databases. Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to did napoleon advantage of in his rise to power?, get used to. It’s thus a good idea to on Homosexuality, familiarize yourself with their working before the for Truthfulness by Nathaniel Hawthorne, deadline is Essay, menacing.
For example, make sure you know how to Reality, put page numbers for Opposing on Homosexuality Essay quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to lord of the flies, collect references in a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file. The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the work of formatting the reference. Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.
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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you.
Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at Opposing Viewpoints Essay the end of the line. Hiding Reality. Do not add a hyphen to Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin.
Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to of the, Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to Hiding, see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation.
For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . Max-Auto India Is Catering Essay. New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from.
4000 BC to the Present . Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. Lord Character. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999.
—. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the Opposing on Homosexuality actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter.
Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. What Bonaparte Take. 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter.
The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of Business . 5th ed.
Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002. Bolman, Lee G., and Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and of in Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and on Homosexuality J.L.
Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the what did napoleon bonaparte of in Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Opposing. Toronto: Harper, 2005.
Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine.
New York: Washington. 3. Comparing American Essay. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002.
Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. Opposing Viewpoints. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Lord Of The. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Opposing Essay Maria DeCambra.
The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of Max-Auto India Demand of the Essay listing all of the authors or editors in on Homosexuality Essay, the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner.
Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Lord Of The Flies Traits. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay Dates . Comparing Early American Colonies Essay. 3rd ed.
Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for Essay Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Arendt Banality Essay Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994.
O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Opposing Viewpoints Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated:
Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of.
Herbert Ponting. Reality Essay. New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by Opposing Viewpoints, another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. Did Napoleon Take Advantage His Rise. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue.
Ed. Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. 211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed.
“Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and lord character Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an Essay, author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of of the character publication, publisher and year of Opposing on Homosexuality publication. Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed.
Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Banality. Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan.
2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov. 2004: A18. “Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in to the Demand Essay, a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors:
Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, clear to the reader, e.g. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full.
Note also that there is no period after the month. The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is from Reality, July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g.
Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to Opposing Viewpoints, enclose a word (or words) not found in from Essay, the original but has been added by Opposing on Homosexuality, you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49.
Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. Reality. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb.
2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct.
2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Viewpoints on Homosexuality Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed.
12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. Lord Character Traits. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. 2003: 44-51.
Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. American. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series): Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.”
Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec.
1992: 30-40. Work . Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. Lord Of The Character Traits. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement.
7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO. Opposing Viewpoints Essay. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . What Did Napoleon Bonaparte Take Advantage Of In His Rise. 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement.
Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . On Homosexuality. Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author:
Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Early, Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36.
Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37.
Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Opposing Essay Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of did napoleon bonaparte take to power? Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp.
and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov,
Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National.
Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Viewpoints Essay Joseph Cornell: Master of on the Essay Dreams , by. Diane Waldman.
New York Review 24 Oct. Viewpoints Essay. 2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in from Reality, the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed.
DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and Essay the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Art. 42.
Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. Arendt On The Banality Of Evil. CD-ROM. Viewpoints Essay. Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.:
Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from Max-Auto India is Catering Demand Essay, a dictionary, add the Viewpoints on Homosexuality abbreviation Def. after the word.
If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. From. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. On Homosexuality. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). Of The Flies Character Traits. A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of on Homosexuality release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor.
If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of Hiding from Essay that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005.
Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. What Bonaparte Take Advantage Of In His Rise To Power?. Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on Opposing Viewpoints Essay, book by Roald Dahl. Comparing. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Japanese Camps. Paula Weinstein,
Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. Opposing On Homosexuality. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Lord Of The Flies Character. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna. Brand. Prod.
Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod. Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams.
Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Hiding. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder.
Perf. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Hiding From Reality. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000.
United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example – for the following record:
United States. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources:
Basic components of an lord of the flies traits, Internet citation: 2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. Opposing. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. Early. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets.
Note: An exception is Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, made in Hiding Reality, referencing a personal e-mail message where an Viewpoints on Homosexuality, individual’s e-mail address is India is Catering Demand of the, omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and Opposing Essay URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and Hiding Essay confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and Opposing Viewpoints Essay end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page.
Accuracy and Max-Auto India is Catering to the Demand Automotive Essay clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm.
b. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Banality of Evil, Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. On Homosexuality. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa:
Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/
Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the Banality Essay service, the name of the library or library system, plus the on Homosexuality Essay location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. Take Advantage Of In. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002. SIRS.
Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. India Demand Of The Industry. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”.
Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Mother Earth News . Hiding Essay. 12 Jan. 2003.
eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005.
Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . India Demand Essay. 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567.
d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for an article in Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and did napoleon take of in Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of on Homosexuality Essay Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280.
7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. What Did Napoleon Take Of In To Power?. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. Opposing Essay. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . From Reality. Feb.
2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547.
“Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery. 1997. State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. Did The Camps Start. 1998.
EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. Interior. To The Automotive. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. Opposing Essay. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to what advantage his rise to power?, I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for Opposing Viewpoints Essay September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Essay, Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication:
Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. Essay. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998.
10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. 10 Oct. 2005.
PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. When Japanese Camps. 1906.
Washington U. School of Viewpoints Essay Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. Of The Industry. U of Opposing Essay St. Colonies Essay. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct.
2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. On Homosexuality Essay. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. Arendt On The Banality Essay. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/
Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001. Viewpoints Essay. Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. Reality. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?”
Inquiry and Analysis No. Viewpoints. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. 10 Oct. Did The Internment. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download:
It is not essential to include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. Opposing Viewpoints Essay. 24 Sept. Hannah Arendt Banality Of Evil Essay. 2000. Blue Dice Software. Opposing On Homosexuality. 12 Oct. Lord Of The Character Traits. 2004.
l. On Homosexuality. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. 1863. Lord Traits. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955.
Abraham Lincoln Online. Essay. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for Early Essay a work translated and edited by another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993.
10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Viewpoints Essay. Prime Minister’s Office. 31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. Is Catering Demand Essay. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. Opposing Viewpoints Essay. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.
State name of speaker, title of lecture in Comparing Early Essay, quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Opposing Viewpoints Essay. Maclean’s 26 Aug. 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. “U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan.
2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the what did napoleon bonaparte take of in his rise to power? Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. Viewpoints. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Is Catering To The Demand Automotive. Reply to letter of Bill Clark.
Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. Viewpoints Essay. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Early American Colonies Essay. Ed.
Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Viewpoints Essay. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004.
Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of from Reality Essay composer.
2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. 3) Date composition written.
4) Place of Comparing Early American Colonies Essay publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . 1936. On Homosexuality Essay. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von.
Invitation to the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29. India To The Industry Essay. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of Opposing Viewpoints artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created.
4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Character. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse.
The Great Sphinx . Opposing Viewpoints. [c. Did Napoleon Bonaparte Take Advantage. 2500 BC]. Opposing Viewpoints Essay. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36.
Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underline title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located.
6) Title of Max-Auto Demand of the book used. Opposing. 7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999.
Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . Hannah On The Essay. By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude.
The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. Opposing Viewpoints Essay. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci.
Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5]. Lord Of The Flies Character. Louvre Museum, Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. Of The Traits. 31. Michelangelo. David . 1501-04. Opposing Viewpoints. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. Max-Auto India To The Industry Essay. The Great.
Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Gaston Du C. de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. Did The Japanese. 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . 1890-91. Opposing On Homosexuality. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W.
Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme. Early American Colonies. Ko-omote Female Mask . Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Colonies Masks . On Homosexuality. By Erich Herold, et al.
Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St. John the Hannah Baptist . 1742-51. Viewpoints. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed.
Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Hiding Reality. Cologne: Konemann, 1998. Viewpoints. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph. 3) Date photograph taken. War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN.
Personal photograph by Arendt on the Banality of Evil, author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). Opposing Viewpoints Essay. 2) Title of patent. Traits. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope.
in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31.
Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Opposing on Homosexuality Irene Mecchi. Dir. Did Napoleon Bonaparte Take To Power?. Julie Taymor. Music and on Homosexuality Essay lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R.
Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by of the, James. Kudelka. Cond.
Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. Viewpoints On Homosexuality. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux.
Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Hiding. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005.
Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. 4) Name of network. 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn.
CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. Opposing Viewpoints. 2003. Law and Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002. “New Threat from Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo.
“New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct. 2002. “U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC.
On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.).
5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Comparing Colonies, Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Opposing, Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC.
Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. On The Of Evil Essay. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD.
Writ., dir. and Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c.
1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . LP. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R.
ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Vers. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Traits. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette.
tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from on Homosexuality, album Far Out . India Is Catering To The Of The Automotive. Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Opposing Viewpoints. Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Did Napoleon Bonaparte His Rise. Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson.
DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York: New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick.
Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on lord of the character traits, novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf.
Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum.
Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and India Demand Automotive the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999. State author, title of Opposing Viewpoints unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of Hannah Arendt on the Banality university, and year. Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA. thesis. Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use.” Diss.
Columbia U, 1962.
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andy warhol essay Pop-Art , Teil II, Andy Warhol. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Auszge aus dem Arbeitstext zur Radiosendung #8220; Die Kunststunde #8220; am 25.09.2014. (Hinweis: die Zitate und Quellen sind nicht gekennzeichnet !) Hrfassung ohne Werbung, ca. 50 min. Audiodatei speichern mit Rechtsklick auf den Player. What Did Napoleon Of In. Hallo liebe Kunstfreunde, in on Homosexuality Essay, unserer ersten Sendung nach der Sommerpause mchte ich Ihnen wie versprochen den Knstler Andy Warhol vorstellen. Als wir unsere erste Sendung ber die Popart ausstrahlten, hatten wir uns darauf verstndigt, Andy Warhol eine eigene Sendung zu widmen. American. Daraus wurde dann nichts, weil wir ein wichtiges Interview mit einer neuen Galeristin vorziehen mussten. Opposing. Anschlieend gab es die Sommerpause, und deshalb liegt zwischen unseren beiden Sendungen zur Pop-Art doch ein relativ langer Zeitraum.
Ich denke aber, das macht nichts. Of The Flies Character Traits. Erinnern wir uns nur kurz daran, was die Pop-Art eigentlich war und wie sie sich von den anderen Kunstrichtungen nach 1945 unterschied. Opposing. Die Pop-Art eine Abkrzung des englischen Begriffes Popular Art, was soviel wie volkstmliche Art oder Kunst bedeutet - wollte sich vom Elitren der Kunst absetzen. Die Werke der abstrakten Expressionisten, zum Beispiel die Tropfbilder von Jackson Pollock, oder auch die Werke der Konstruktivisten mit ihrem grafisch mathematischen Ansatz oder die Bilder des Informell (Rauschenberg, Motherwell, Twombly) waren nicht jedermanns Sache. Did The Japanese. Kunst hatte doch auch immer bestehende Verhltnisse kritisiert. Sie war oft aufklrerisch und nicht elitr. Oft genug in Viewpoints on Homosexuality, der Kunstgeschichte hat die Kunst provoziert; sie war eine Sache der Revolution und diente der Kritik bestehender Verhltnisse.
Insofern musste die neue Kunst auch irgendwann die neuen Verhltnisse der schnen Konsum- und Warenwelt kritisieren; den Kapitalismus angreifen - auch indem sie sich seiner plakativen Mittel bedient. Character Traits. Am plakativsten zeigt sich die Konsumwelt in Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, der Werbung; die Werbung sticht ins Auge und reit unsere Aufmerksamkeit an Essay, sich. Und genau so sollte die neue Kunst sein: verstndlich, einfach, plakativ, bertrieben; kurz gesagt: massentauglich. Die Bildmotive sind trivial; die Bilder erinnern an Viewpoints on Homosexuality, Werbetafel und zeigen Konsumgter und Filmstars; die Welt des Supermarktes und der Massenproduktion als Lebenselixier, die Welt der Comics und der Filmstars mit dem Image der ewigen Jugend als Kultur darber gestlpt. Lord Of The Flies Character. Etwas Einmaliges wird hundertfach wiederholt, also zu einer Serie oder Reihung addiert, wie es die kapitalistische Massenproduktion eben macht, und damit wird das Einmalige zur beliebigen Ware. On Homosexuality Essay. Der einmalige Mensch wird zur Ware. Ein schnes Beispiel fr diesen Prozess ist die Darstellung der Schauspielerin Marilyn Monroe, die Andy Warhol als Siebdruck in Banality Essay, vielen Farben in Opposing Viewpoints Essay, eine Reihe bringt und so zu einem Massenprodukt fertigt. Hiding. Aus der Ikone wird ein Produkt. Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Man kann auch sagen: durch die systemimmanente Art, wie die Popart ihre Themen findet und sich selbst darstellt, ist sie zugleich die Kritik an traits, diesem System - wenn man wohlwollend ist. Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Man kann natrlich auch sagen, dass die Popart sich einfach der neuen Mglichkeiten bediente, kapitalismusgetreue Kunst zu erzeugen und clever zu vermarkten. What Bonaparte Take To Power?. Insofern war es auch zwangslufig, dass die Popart zunehmend andere Bildtrger nutzte - also nicht mehr die Leinwand, die jedes Bild etwas Einmaliges, etwas Originales sein lsst - sondern alle Mglichkeiten der Vervielfltigung benutzte, zum Beispiel den Siebdruck.
Massenproduktion eben. Opposing Essay. Es gab auch bei der Popart immer beides, den kommerziellen Hintergrund und den kritisch politischen. Letzterer ist auch auf den Vietnamkrieg, die Ermordung John F. Internment Camps Start. Kennedys, die Rassenunruhen und den steigenden Drogenkonsum in den USA in Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, den 60er Jahren zurckzufhren. Did Napoleon Take His Rise. Die Knstler mussten darauf reagieren. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Es gab nicht nur die perfekte schne Wohlstandsgesellschaft. From Reality Essay. Es gab die Ghettoisierung der Stdte. Opposing Essay. Und aus den Ghettos kamen neue Knstler, z. Comparing Early American Colonies. B. Jean-Michel Basquiat, dessen naive Radikalitt ehrlicher war als der Hiphop heutiger Gangster-Rapper. Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Basquiat wurde brigens von Andy Warhol sehr gefrdert, aber davon ein andermal mehr. Lord Character. Kommen wir zu Andy Warhol, der kommerziellen Ikone der Popart . Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Andy Warhol hie mit richtigem Namen eigentlich Andrew Warhola.
Er wurde 1928 in Pittsburgh als jngster Sohn einer armen Migrantenfamilie aus der Slowakei geboren. Er wchst in of the flies character traits, armen Verhltnissen auf. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Die Eltern sind streng glubig und arbeiten beide, um die Familie durchzubringen. India Is Catering To The Demand. Andy hat noch zwei ltere Brder. Opposing Viewpoints. Aber nicht nur deshalb war er das Nesthkchen, sondern er war auch sehr krnklich und litt unter diversen Krankheiten, unter anderem einer Pigmentstrung, die ihn wie einen Albino erscheinen lie. On The. All dies verhinderte, dass er Freunde unter seinen Altersgenossen fand. Viewpoints Essay. Whrend der langen Zeiten, die er immer wieder im Bett verbringen musste, entwickelte er Interesse an allen mglichen Knsten. Wer viel allein ist und sich mit sich selbst beschftigen muss, bildet Interessen und Fhigkeiten aus, die andere Kinder nicht haben. Sein knstlerisches Talent wurde von den Eltern aber frh erkannt und gefrdert. Comparing Early Essay. Als Andy 14 ist, stirbt sein Vater, viel zu frh.
Nach seinem Wunsch untersttzt die Familie aber Andrews Studium am Department of Opposing Viewpoints, Painting Design des Carnegie Institute of Comparing Early American Colonies Essay, Technology. Opposing. 1949 zieht er nach New York. Seine Mutter Julia folgt ihm ein Jahr spter. Did Napoleon. Die beiden leben dort gemeinsam bis kurz vor ihrem Tod im Jahr 1972. Bereits whrend des Studiums nimmt Warhol Kontakte zu New Yorker Redaktionen auf, um seine Talente als Gebrauchsgrafiker anzupreisen. Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Er erhlt auch sofort nach seinem Umzug nach New York erste Auftrge.
Schnell arbeitet er sich zu einem der anerkanntesten und bestbezahlten Werbegrafiker hoch. Max-Auto India Of The Automotive Industry. Sein Ziel ist jedoch die knstlerische Anerkennung. Viewpoints. 1952 hat er seine erste Einzelausstellung ( Fifteen Drawings Based on the Writings of what did napoleon bonaparte advantage his rise to power?, Truman Capote) und 1956 schon eine groe Ausstellung im Museum of Opposing Viewpoints, Modern Art in Hiding, New York, jedoch als Grafiker. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. Nach den ersten Ausstellungserfolgen gibt er die Auftragsarbeit in Comparing Colonies, der Werbung auf. Die Techniken des kommerziellen Druckes, ganz besonders der Siebdruck, bleiben fr das knstlerische Werk Warhols jedoch entscheidend. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Seit Ende der 50er Jahre setzt sich die sogenannte Pop Art durch. Hannah Of Evil Essay. Einige der Knstler stammen wie Warhol aus dem Bereich der Gebrauchsgrafik. Opposing On Homosexuality. Aber nur er ist es, der typische Motive des American Way of Comparing Early American Essay, Life als Thema fr die Bilder nutzt: Dollar-Scheine z.B. und Coca-Cola-Flaschen. Damit trifft er den Nerv der Zeit. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. 1962 entsteht die Serie aus 32 Acrylbildern von Campbells Suppendosen; 32 Bilder, weil es 32 verschiedene Geschmacksrichtungen gab. Did Napoleon His Rise To Power?. Auf identischen Leinwnden werden die Dosen aller mglichen Sorten grafisch genau und ohne Verfremdung abgebildet.
Damit wirken sie um so symbolhafter. Zitat: „I love to do the Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, same thing over Comparing Early Colonies and over again#8220; „Ich liebe es, das Gleiche immer und immer wieder zu tun#8220;). Ein typischer Werktitel jener Zeit lautet „30 are better than one#8220;. Opposing On Homosexuality. Man begegnete diesen Bildern zunchst mit totalem Unverstndnis, nur fnf Kufer erkannten die revolutionre Neuerung von Warhols Sichtweise; einer von ihnen war der Schauspieler Dennis Hopper, der andere Donald Factor, ein spterer Teilerbe des Max-Factor-Konzerns. Hiding From Reality. Keiner der Kufer erhielt sein Bild, fr das jeder 100 Dollar bezahlt hatte, weil ein Teilhaber der Galerie unter dem Vorwand, das Ensemble zusammen zu lassen, nach der Ausstellung die Bilder fr sich behielt. - Warhol erhielt 1.000 Dollar fr die 32 Bilder. 1996 wurden sie fr 15 Millionen Dollar an das Museum of Viewpoints Essay, Modern Art in Colonies, New York City veruert.
Mit der Serie jedenfalls beginnen die knstlerisch erfolgreichsten Jahre fr Andy Warhol. On Homosexuality Essay. Der Tod Marilyn Monroes am 5. What Did Napoleon Of In To Power?. August 1962 inspiriert ihn zu seiner berhmten Marilyn-Portrtserie. Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. ber greller flchenhafter Untermalung mit Acrylfarbe wird per take his rise to power? Siebdruck ein Standfoto von Marilyn Monroe aus dem Film Niagara gedruckt. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Seitdem bleiben die Serien colorierter Siebdruck-Portrts sein Markenzeichen. When Did The Japanese. Elvis Presley wird gedruckt. Mick Jagger von den Rolling Stones. Essay. James Dean, Liz Taylor. Bonaparte Advantage Of In His Rise To Power?. Eine weitere Serie zeigt Mao Tse Tung, den chinesischen Revolutionsfhrer. On Homosexuality Essay. Vermutlich htte er diese Serie auch gemacht, wenn die Verbrechen Maos bekannt gewesen wren#8230; 1962 entstehen auch die ersten Bilder der Death- and- Desaster Serie: Warhol greift Bilder aus den Massenmedien von Unfllen, Katastrophen und Hinrichtungen auf. Auch hier wird das gleiche Motiv vervielfltigt und aneinandergereiht oder farblich verndert. Bonaparte Advantage Of In His Rise. Er schreckte auch vor Geschmacklosigkeiten nicht zurck und nutzte das ffentliche Interesse an Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay, Personen wie der trauernden Jackie Kennedy nach der Ermordung ihres Mannes John F. Kennedy 1963 schamlos fr seine auf Effekt bedachten Bilder aus.
Warhol benutzt dazu Fotos von ihr vor dem Attentat und whrend der Beerdigung ihres Mannes. Die Kunstkritik erkannte dennoch, dass diese Bilder einen sthetischen Reiz hatten: Durch das Serienformat lenkten sie die Aufmerksamkeit weg vom Motiv hin zur Machart der Vorlagen und lieen dadurch den manipulativen Charakter der Populrkultur unserer Zeit erkennbar werden wir alle sind durch die Massenmedien in American Colonies Essay, unserer Wahrnehmung gelenkt. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. In Amerika stie Warhol mit diesen Bildern auf Ablehnung, die Ausstellung in Paris wurde dagegen zum groen Erfolg. Colonies Essay. Sein Beitrag zur New Yorker Weltausstellung 1964 gert allerdings zum Skandal. Essay. Warhol fertigt dafr ein berdimensionales Bild fr die Auenwand des New Yorker Pavillons an. Lord Character. Abgebildet sind steckbrieflich gesuchte Mnner ( „ The 13 Most Wanted Men#8220; ). Viewpoints. Protest regt sich vor allem, weil die abgebildeten Mnner alle italienischer Abstammung sind. Warhol bermalt schlielich das Bild: Den Pavillon ziert fr den Rest der Ausstellung eine monochrom silberne Tafel. Hannah Banality Essay. Warhol kehrt schlielich zu weniger provokanten Themen zurck, nicht zuletzt um wieder Verkaufserfolge zu erzielen. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. 1964 entsteht die Serie „Flowers#8220;.
Diese Bilder, endlich wieder bunt und massentauglich, verkaufen sich bestens. What Bonaparte His Rise To Power?. Seine Elvisportrts entstehen ebenfalls 1964 nach einem Filmstandbild. On Homosexuality. 1966 stellt Andy Warhol seine Tapete mit Kuhkpfen aus. Mitte der 60er Jahre war Andy Warhol der Star in Hiding, New York. On Homosexuality. Dazu beigetragen hatte auch die Grndung seiner Factory , einer zum Atelier umgebauten Fabriketage 1963.
Hier entstehen die ersten Filme Andy Warhols. What Did Napoleon Of In His Rise To Power?. Sie sind bewusst unprofessionell und ohne technische Raffinessen. Opposing Essay. Die meisten seiner Aufnahmen zeigen Freunde oder zufllige Besucher der Factory. Auerdem entstanden Filme, bei der Warhol ber einen sehr langen Zeitraum nur ein Objekt aufnahm. India Is Catering. Zum Beispiel filmte er Menschen beim Schlaf oder auch ein Gebude, in Viewpoints, dem er 8 Stunden lang das Empire State Building filmte, ohne den Film auch nur einmal zu schneiden. Comparing American Colonies Essay. Andere Filme beleuchten auch die sexuelle Seite Warhols, wie z.B. Viewpoints. im Film „Couch#8220;, in dem sich vor allem junge Mnner unterschiedlichsten sexuellen Handlungen hingeben. Er lsst Leute vor die Kamera treten und etwas spielen, ohne eine Anweisung zu geben. Start. Die factory ist aber nicht nur Atelier und Studio, sie entwickelt sich vor allem zum Szene- und Partytreff von Musikern, Knstlern und Avantgardisten. Stars wie Bob Dylan, Mick Jagger oder Jim Morrison finden sich hier ein und Knstlerkollegen wie Salvador Dal#65517; oder Marcel Duchamp.
Stars wie Baby Jane Holzer und „Viva!#8220; gehen ein und aus. Viewpoints. Warhol frdert die Gruppe „The Velvet Underground#8220;, indem er sie in what his rise, der Factory proben lsst (aus all den frheren bungsrumen, Lokalen und Wohnungen waren Lou Reed und Kumpane geflogen, weil sie brutal laut waren), und er finanziert als „Produzent#8220; ihre erste Schallplatte. On Homosexuality Essay. Die Live-Auftritte der Band sind legendr, Warhol als Mastermind verwendet fr die Lightshow erstmals viele neuartige Mittel, die heute alltglich sind: Stroboskop und Spiegelkugel, Dia- und Filmprojektionen, Farbfilter und berlagerungen. Die Band trat grundstzlich nur in schwarzer Kleidung und mit Sonnenbrillen auf. When Did The Japanese Camps Start. 1967 entwirft er das Cover fr das erste Album.
Zudem arbeitet er als Fotograf ; es liegen noch tausende Fotos in Opposing on Homosexuality, den Archiven, die meisten davon unverffentlicht wegen der schieren Menge. Max-Auto Demand Of The Automotive Industry. Das Leben Andy Warholserfhrt einen tiefen Einschnitt, nachdem er im Jahr 1968 nur knapp ein Attentat der radikalen Feministin Valeria Solanas berlebt. Mehrere Pistolenkugeln hatten ihn getroffen. Warhol berlebt, behlt aber physische und psychische Schden zurck. Die Zeit der Factory als Szenetreff mit ausschweifenden Partys ist vorbei.
Nach dem Attentat ist Warhol ein anderer Mensch: Er neigt seitdem zu einer zwanghaften Kauf- und Sammelwut, die sich sowohl in Opposing Viewpoints Essay, seiner Arbeit wie in Essay, seinem Privatleben widerspiegelt. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Obwohl der Knstler lebenslang unter der Angst litt, wieder zu verarmen, gibt es kaum einen Flohmarkt in New York, der von ihm verschont wird und auf dem er nicht wenigstens einen Gegenstand kaufen „muss#8220;, wie er es einmal in did the japanese internment, seinen Aufzeichnungen schilderte. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. Kleiner Nachschlag: Narzisstisch wie Warhol war, lie er seine Schussverletzungen von dem amerikanischen Starfotografen Richard Avedon ablichten #8230; Zweiter Nachschlag: Die Geschichte um das Attentat von Solanas wurde 1996 unter dem Titel I Shot Andy Warhol verfilmt. - Vielleicht wird der Mrder von John Lennon ja auch noch mit einem Film geehrt, dann wird´s noch mehr pathologische Nachahmer amerikanischer Attentatsunkultur geben#8230; Schon vor dem Attentat hatte Warhol seinen Abschied von der Malerei verkndet. Arendt On The Of Evil Essay. Er grndet eine Zeitschrift namens „Interview#8220; - hier portrtiert er die New Yorker Partyszene, die er gut kennt. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Nachdem sein eigenes „Partyrefugium#8220; durch das Attentat zerstrt worden war, strzte sich Warhol in Hannah Arendt Essay, die kommerzielle Party-Szene und zhlte zu den Stammgsten des Studio 54, einer der damals meist frequentierten Diskotheken in Opposing Essay, New York. Did Napoleon Take To Power?. Dort traf sich die High Society im Kellerraum und schnupfte Kokain, das damals noch extrem teuer war. Er widmet sich weiter der Produktion von Filmen, und es entsteht ein Bhnenstck ( Pork), das 1971 in Opposing Viewpoints, New York aufgefhrt wird.
Mit diesem Stck wollte sich offenbar an did the japanese camps start, einigen „Superstars#8220; rchen, die ihn „verlassen#8220; hatten. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. Die Handlungen der meist nackten Darsteller waren obszn. Hiding Reality. Aus rein wirtschaftlichen Grnden nimmt er schlielich wieder die Produktion von Bildern auf. Es entstehen Auftrags-Serien fr Konzerne und er portrtiert wie am Flieband jeden, der ihm das entsprechende Honorar zahlt. Viewpoints. Dies bringt ihm nicht nur gute Kritiken ein. Did The Japanese Camps. Er bemalt Fahrzeuge von Autofirmen wie BMW oder Mercedes Benz und ist stets gern gesehener Gast in Video- und Fernsehproduktionen.1986 wird die Show „Andy Warhol#39;s 15 Minutes#8220; auf MTV ausgestrahlt, nach seinem berhmten Ausspruch, dass in Opposing Essay, Zukunft jeder fr 15 Minuten berhmt sein knne. What Advantage His Rise. Die Chinareise von Prsident Nixon inspiriert ihn 1972 schlielich zur Mao-Serie und er findet zur Malerei zurck. Als Vorlage benutzt er das offizielle Foto Maos aus dem Roten Buch. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. Gleichzeitig nimmt er einen Auftrag fr Wahlkampfplakate des demokratischen Prsidentschaftskandidaten George McGovern an. Ende der 70er Jahre entsteht eine Serie zu Hammer und Sichel, dem Symbol der kommunistischen Partei. Did Napoleon Bonaparte Advantage Of In To Power?. Eine politische Motivation streitet Warhol aber in jedem Fall ab.
Weitere Portrts entstehen unter Verwendung neuer Techniken. Viewpoints. In der Serie zu Mick Jagger verwendet Warhol zum ersten Mal Papiercollage. Arendt Banality Of Evil Essay. Die Acryluntermalungen werden gestischer und freier, die Farbwahl ist gedeckter als in Viewpoints Essay, seinen Bildern der 60er Jahre. Warhol portrtiert auch Kollegen wie David Hockney und Roy Liechtenstein. Hiding Reality. 1975 entsteht ebenfalls eine Bilderserie von New Yorker Transvestiten und Homosexuellen („Ladies und Gentlemen#8220;), die zwar gelobt aber in Viewpoints Essay, den USA nicht gezeigt wird. Hiding Reality. Warhol perfektioniert die Fertigung von Auftragsportrts: jeder der zahlt, wird bedient. Viewpoints Essay. Er selbst macht nur noch die Vorlagen, die eigentliche Ausfhrung der Siebdrucke bernehmen Assistenten. Hannah Of Evil. Warhol hat nicht nur gegenstndlich gearbeitet.
Die abstrakten Bilder seines Sptwerkes sind aber bis heute weniger bekannt. Von 1983 stammen die Garnbilder: Ein Gewirr aus Wollfden dient als Vorlage. Opposing Viewpoints. Die entstandenen Muster erinnern an did the camps start, die abstrakten „Drippings#8220; von Jackson Pollock. Viewpoints On Homosexuality. Ab 1978 widmet sich Warhol den sogenannten Piss-Paintings: Leinwnde werden mit Metallstaub prpariert und mit Urin besprenkelt. What Did Napoleon Take His Rise To Power?. Dadurch bilden sich abstrakte Oxidationsmuster.
Und bei mir wchst der Widerwille, mich weiter mit solcher Kunst zu befassen. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay. Die letzte groe Bildserie von Andy Warhol befasst sich mit der berhmten Darstellung des Abendmahls von Leonardo da Vinci. Lord Character. Dieser Zyklus umfasst ber 100 Bilder in verschiedenen Techniken mit Gren bis zu 4 auf 10 m. On Homosexuality Essay. Es gibt sowohl die typischen Siebdrucke aber auch traditionell mit dem Pinsel gemalte Varianten. Als Vorlage soll nicht das Original gedient haben, sondern Fotos einer billigen Replik. Lord Of The Character Traits. 1987 stirbt Andy Warhol nach einer Gallenoperation. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay. Er wurde nur 55 Jahre alt. Lord Of The Character Traits. Warhols gerumiges Privathaus war eine einzige Ansammlung von historischen Kunstwerken und Arbeiten zeitgenssischer Knstlerkollegen wie Lichtenstein, Rauschenberg und Twombly, sowie wertvoller Mbeln, Unmengen an Kitschobjekten (z. B. Mickey Mouse-Figuren), edlem und billigstem Porzellan, Fundsachen, Kaugummiautomaten und vielem anderen mehr.
Die Versteigerung seines Nachlasses soll, Presseartikeln zufolge, um die 900 Millionen US-Dollar erzielt haben.
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cons for homework Maybe you're a kid wondering how a move from the United States to a foreign country might change your life. Maybe you're a parent pondering the pros and cons of taking another foreign assignment. On Homosexuality! Will multiple moves irrepairably damage a youngster's psyche? Here are some of my thoughts, based on my personal experience. Did The Japanese Internment Start! When I use the term global nomad(s) I do so loosely to describe my own thoughts as one member of that group. This is not an academic treatise on on Homosexuality Essay the subject -- only a sketch of some elements of the Early American Colonies experience I have found particularly noteworthy.
Who is a global nomad? A global nomad is an individual who, spending a significant part of their developmental years in another culture, develops some sense of belonging to both the host culture and the home culture, while not having a sense of Viewpoints Essay, total ownership in either. Elements from both (or multiple) cultures are blended, resulting in the third culture. Global nomads don't all have the Max-Auto Demand of the Automotive Industry Essay same experiences in the same countries. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay! What they have in common is the experience of Banality Essay, moving multiple times to various countries that become part of their cultural identity.
They don't necessarily share a similar background, they don't necessarily speak the Viewpoints Essay same languages, they didn't necessarily go to the same international schools. But they share the experience of when japanese internment start, growing up in Viewpoints, culture(s) not their own. I personally prefer the term global nomad coined by when did the japanese internment camps start, Norma McCaig to another frequently used phrase, third culture kid or TCK. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay! Beginning in Comparing, 1970, at the age of 18 months, I spent sizeable portions of Viewpoints Essay, my childhood, adolescence and teen years moving every one, two or three years. I didn't stop to question my nomadic life until I was 26, working in Arendt Banality Essay, Japan for a Japanese company and feeling completely uprooted. The comments that follow relate mostly to Opposing Viewpoints my experiences of being a US passport holder, but a mix of Japanese and American cultures with a dash of European for when camps spice. It took misery to prompt me into Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality wondering what it would be like not to when did the japanese camps start move every couple of years.
It seemed to me that for many people, having a stable community and home during childhood was a source of stability and Viewpoints on Homosexuality strength. On The Banality Essay! I began questioning how my life would have been different had I not moved so continuously. I realized that my journey had provided me with many positive tools, and some very difficult experiences. I needed to sort them out, so I made a list and pondered it. The following is a result of Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, my thoughts. I like to start with the bright side. After comparing notes with other global nomads and thinking over my life, these are some of the upside elements of living all over the world.
Cross Cultural Skills. It took me a long time to Hiding articulate and value the concept of cross cultural skills. This shouldn't happen anymore . . . parents, teachers and business communities must become more aware of these skills so they can acknowledge and encourage them in their children, employees and Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality peers. Flexibility, tolerance and strong observation skills are cross cultural skills par excellence. And as the world becomes ever more fast-paced global nomads come already equipped with the necessary skills to change adjustment stress into success. What Did Napoleon Bonaparte Of In! As cultures and communities come increasingly into contact, global nomads know how to respect, observe and learn from cultural differences. We don't assume that our way is the best or only way. Opposing Viewpoints! We are life-long learners, and japanese internment camps the world is our classroom. These are critical skills in a world looking for economic prosperity and peace, when in the past there has been a tendency to destroy what we don't understand and Opposing Viewpoints annihilate those who are different. We can also be wonderful teachers for others who aren't used to dealing with rapid change. Global nomads tend to think quickly on our feet and can take the initiative to troubleshoot -- but we often do so in a context of understanding the currents and observing the situation first.
Since being back in the US for several years now, I've noticed that flexibility and tolerance don't always translate as strong points in American life. It seems to me that holding a strong personal viewpoint and demonstrating leadership is highly valued. Did The Internment Start! A person's forceful thinking and handling of on Homosexuality Essay, a situation garners kudos. Observation in particular seems to Colonies be underrated. Viewpoints Essay! I know from experience that Americans will often underestimate or ignore someone who is not loud, flashy, and quick.
Many cultures point out that we have two eyes, two ears and only one mouth. . . for Hiding good reason. The Japanese have a saying, Silence is golden. Global nomads try to figure out which way the river is Viewpoints on Homosexuality, flowing before we jump in. Character Traits! There are many times when I have thought how much Americans have to learn from these perspectives. Another great aspect of being a global nomad is our multi-dimensional world view. From a very young age the world as we know it is not limited to county lines, a section of the mid-West or even a single country. The rest of the world is not merely a 20 minute segment on Fifty Minutes, a National Geographic article or an English speaking pen-pal.
I have celebrated Oktoberfest on the Rhine with German friends, eating raw pork with onion on a thick slice of rye bread. I have walked around the Opposing Viewpoints Essay magnifient ice carvings during the Japanese Sapporo snow festival with friends from Japan, Indonesia and Palestine. I know as much about British history and Hannah Arendt on the Banality geography as I do about the Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality United States, and I remember when commemorative coins were issued in from, Solihull, England to celebrate the marriage of Diana, Princess of Wales, to the heir to the British throne, Prince Charles. When a global nomad reads the news, they can often picture and feel what's happening thousands of miles away. This does not generally apply to Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality kids who grow up in when did the japanese, one culture. My sister Suzanne returned to the United States at the age of 14, having lived abroad since she was three years old. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay! It was her most difficult move, and part of did napoleon advantage, that was because she no longer had a global nomad peer group. Viewpoints! She was attending school at an upscale, East Coast boarding school as a day student. The day the Berlin wall fell in 1990 she ran to the commons room to watch the news. She and I had once stood, gazing at the concrete and barbed wire no-man's land dividing Germany, with a German friend who had family somewhere past the armed guards.
Excitedly thinking about when, how the Froelich family must feel, Suzanne asked her fellow students to turn to the news. It was 12 o'clock. Several other young teens deemed a popular soap opera more important. This is an important point, because unlike kids who grow up in one place, a global nomad feels connected to events taking place all over the world. When an earthquake toppled highways in Viewpoints Essay, Kobe in January of 1995 and killed over Max-Auto is Catering to the Demand of the Essay, 5,000 people, I wept with the rest of Japan. When floods destroy parts of Bangladesh and typhoons sweep away hundreds of people in India, I think of my friends, and their families, and I pray for their safety, just as I do for Opposing people killed in mudslides in Seattle. We recognize that people everywhere share the joys and pains of life.
We've lived, felt, smelt, heard and witnessed wide swaths of human experience. One of my personal challenges has been to accept people who haven't traveled and aren't interested in traveling as fine people. For a long time I felt that most people from my home culture -- Americans -- were relatively shallow and narrow-minded. During conversations with most Americans I found them woefully ignorant of international events, personalities or issues. In general they seemed uninterested in the world, complacent and arrogant. Feelings like these can really put a damper on friendships -- but more about that in the section on intimacy. Along with a wider world view comes a greater spiritual perspective as well.
This is partly the Banality of Evil Essay result of global nomad skills with flexibility and Viewpoints on Homosexuality tolerance. Hiding Reality! It is Essay, also because we observe that different people's experience has created different truths in their lives -- from how to relate to self and others to how to relate to spirituality. When you spend your childhood observing and Comparing Early American Essay experiencing so many wonderful variations on how and what to eat (most Americans won't touch raw fish and visibly cringe at the idea of raw pork), how to speak and on Homosexuality Essay dance and organize in groups -- it's easy for the global nomad to question those who promote a belief that there is japanese camps, only ONE way to nourish a spiritual life. Rather than be threatened by different belief systems, global nomads often relish the beauty in Viewpoints on Homosexuality, the diversity of Hiding Reality, religious systems, taking something from everything. And then there is maturity level. Most global nomads tend to Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay be a couple years ahead of their home country counterparts in terms of maturity. We have wonderful skills for handling formal situations, and when we answer phones we are polite, we remember to take messages and we are often mistaken for our parents. It comes from often being repeatedly tossed into situations where entertaining -- either business or diplomatic -- is a regular event. There is also a sense of maturity that springs from success when you make friends, adjust to a new school, and learn your way around public transportation systems. By the time I was a senior at internment start the American School in Japan getting around Shinjuku station was a breeze, a daily 2 and a half hour commute to and from Viewpoints, school was nothing, and my day away from Arendt of Evil Essay, home generally stretched from 7 am to 6 pm -- with homework until late at night. I worked harder in highschool for longer hours than I did for the first year and a half at Pomona College.
In fact, when I arrived at college I had few common interests with my first year classmates, and found myself making more friends among the Juniors and Seniors. On the Opposing on Homosexuality Essay other hand, there are areas of development where the global nomad may be totally out of phase. My parents actually had to bully me into a driver's education class when I was 17. We were in Maine on homeleave for two months, and I didn't want to do it. Of The Traits! What was the point? In Tokyo there was a great train and Essay subway system that got me where I wanted to go far faster than any car could have. I had no interest in learning how to drive a car -- I figured when I returned for college that I would rely on the train and bus system wherever I wound up. There were kids in my driver's ed class who were 14 and a half and couldn't wait to be able to drive -- and Comparing American couldn't believe I had no interest in learning how to drive.
I still have trouble remembering my social security number, and I only established a credit card history two years ago at the age of 27. Being bilingual or multi-lingual is valuable. Viewpoints Essay! When you're at a school where people speak five, six or seven languages it doesn't seem like knowing another language is that big a deal -- but it is. I deliberately put this in the pro category because people (and Americans in particular) can be strange about language ability. There is a lot of lip service paid to what advantage of in to power? the advantages of knowing another language, but there are still alot of people who think of it as a novel conversation piece and leave it at that. Beyond working for the UN or doing translation work people rarely see language capability as important, and are quick to on Homosexuality Essay stick to from Essay their own familiar words. When I lived in Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, England, despite being obviously American, my English papers had marks taken off for every u I forgot to add to Comparing Colonies words like colour and favour. Opposing On Homosexuality! Most Caucasian Americans I know dismiss language ability as unimportant in a world where English is the language coin of the Hannah Arendt Banality Essay realm. Language is a touchy, natinalistic issue (witness the French rejection of English infiltration).
I maintain that the Canadians and the continental Europeans (many of whom know at least two or three languages) are on the right track. Languages offer different people a variety of Opposing Viewpoints, way of when japanese internment start, expressing themselves creatively. Who wants only one kind of art? Why would we want only one kind of language? So that's a quick summary of Opposing on Homosexuality, some of the pros that come to mind about being a global nomad. Obviously all the above skills vary depending on the person, how many times they moved, and lord flies character traits the attitudes of Opposing Essay, their parents. So what's on the darker side of the global nomad experience? I have found that to get to the place of celebrating the pros of being a global nomad, I had to deal with some painful emotional issues -- and I still do. I suspect that the global nomad who does not at some time recognize and work with the following issues finds sooner or later that their relationships, their work, and did napoleon advantage to power? their larger world view are in chaos.
One of the drawbacks is a sense of rootlessness. The belief that you belong simultaneously everywhere and nowhere. When I meet people and they ask me casually, So, where are you from? I always determine what level answer I want to Essay share. There's the Max-Auto India Demand of the Automotive Industry Essay short story -- Seattle. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay! There's the potential story -- Seattle, but I spent over twelve years of my life living abroad. Bonaparte Advantage Of In His Rise! And finally there's the all out response -- I call Seattle home now, but I lived in Japan for ten years, Germany two years and spent a year and a half in the United Kingdom. I consider myself to be different parts of all these places and people. The struggle in answering the Opposing Essay question Where are you from? is a common experience, and you don't want to waste time and breath on someone who doesn't really care.
To transcend rootlessness is to feel at home wherever you are, regardless of environment. Home is what did napoleon, reframed to include the world. For me, this journey started when I made the decision to Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay start with my self. I believe that as long as you feel at home in your own skin, you'll always find a way to Hannah of Evil Essay create home around you. Restlessness is on Homosexuality, a kindred spirit to rootlessness. I once read that 75 percent of global nomads change colleges at least three times. Hiding From! Neither I nor my sister changed colleges once. . . so someone out there is Viewpoints on Homosexuality, doing a lot of moving around! On the other hand, once I graduated from of the character traits, college I moved four times in as many years.
My sister Suzanne just graduated from college and Opposing Essay has moved three times in nine months. For most global nomads, it's simply a question of when, not if, they're going to keep on roaming. Yet sooner or later most global nomads face a crisis (or repeated crises) that bring them face to face with the question of how often and where do they really want to move. Max-Auto India To The Demand Automotive! How restless are they? Why do they feel that way? Is it serving them or is it an archaic bit of life left over from their childhood experiences? It took me until my late twenties to Opposing Essay acknowledge the deep sense of rootlessness and insecurity that my exotic overseas life masked. When Camps! I'm still in the process of trying to figure it all out. On Homosexuality! Right now what seems to work is living in a place I call home while knowing that I could travel if I wanted to.
Pretty soon I will have been in Seattle for three years. . . the longest I've lived anywhere since I was nine. . . and I'm curious to lord character traits see how that will feel. Trouble with intimacy. Opposing! Global nomads know how to be mobile. Traveling for business or fun poses little problem. But that same footloose attitude doesn't always bode well for relationships. The idea of commitment, daunting enough for most people, can stir tremendous insecurity and Comparing Early American Colonies fear in for those raised around the world. It's ironic. On one hand global nomads step into Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay situations with other global nomads and rapidly form strong relationships with them -- usually because they are talking about their experiences, their shared culture. But on the other hand global nomads know how to keep emotional distance.
Until recently I always kept a margin of emotional detachment in all my relationships. My emotional antennae, finely tuned for any vibration of the word goodbye, worked overtime. I felt like I had to what advantage his rise to power? be vigilant and Opposing on Homosexuality Essay prepared at lord of the character any moment to Opposing Essay draw into the protective sheath of my goodbye armor. Global nomads say goodbye multitudes of times -- not only to Colonies Essay people, but to schools, to homes, to cultural identities, to aspects of Opposing on Homosexuality, a country they have come to love. Trusting a relationship to stay the course through the joy and the pain of life flies in the face of Early Essay, accumulated global nomad experience. We all handle the separation from friends and Viewpoints places differently.
Some global nomads attempt to maintain friendships long distance. With each move, as the list of correspondants grows and the pain increases, this can be a formidable task. The Internet, with it's gift of e-mail, is a godsend for global nomads. Instead of expensive phone calls and/or time-consuming and of the flies traits outdated letter correspondence, you can type off an Viewpoints on Homosexuality update and send it to dozens of people all over the world and they'll be reading it sometime within the next 24 hours. Although some global nomads work at relationship despite time and distance, some do not. On The! Some can end relationships on the turn of a dime. Opposing Viewpoints Essay! When they learn a friend is leaving in a couple months, they turn and internment camps walk away, thinking that if they start letting go now that when the moment of Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, true goodbye arrives it will not sting and ache quite as much. This is not just some neurotic problem -- it is a response that builds up over Hannah on the Banality, several experiences of being told by Opposing on Homosexuality Essay, a parent that We're leaving Singapore for France when the school year ends.
Isn't that a surprise? It builds when global nomads discover that friends are leaving a year earlier than expected, and will be gone within the month. For a long time my thinking ran something like this: the best line of defense against pain is a good offense, therefore guard against vulnerability and be prepared to drop a relationship at a moment's notice. Some of my deepest on-going struggles are the ones I have with trusting and creating geniune relationships. Because I am asked again and Hannah on the Essay again to Viewpoints on Homosexuality be vulnerable. To reveal my true feelings. To allow myself to care deeply about the presence and love of other human beings. To be willing to share pain and tears and witness them in another without running away. In this journey there is no room for unilateral decision-making, or unilateral leave-taking. This will be part of my life-time work.
Loneliness and isolation can become unwelcome bosom buddies as a single move turns into two, into three, into four. What Did Napoleon Bonaparte Take Advantage! It is a lifelong challenge for anyone to handle the balance of past and present in a way that leads to a fully lived present. Global nomads tend to either be more susceptible to living more in Opposing, the past (especially if they're unhappy with a new school, location or living circumstance) or denying they ever had a past at all. Opening to past sadness or other people requires a level of bonaparte of in his rise, vulnerability that can at first feel devastating. It is tempting to insist that I can take care of myself, I don't need anyone else. Self-reliance and independence are valuable resources, but not at the expense of pushing away help when you need it. Viewpoints On Homosexuality! When I was about 13 years old I adopted the Simon and Garfunkel I am a rock philosophy of Hannah on the Banality of Evil, life -- and Viewpoints Essay I spent years feeling isolated and lonely . On top of what did napoleon bonaparte advantage his rise to power?, that, I learned to expect airport delays, long waits for the packers to finish packing or unpacking our home and an even longer time spent finding friends. I filled those hours/days/months with books and thoughts.
If I am being aware, I can slip into times when being sociable is too much of a burden. . Opposing Viewpoints Essay! . it's easier, more pleasant, and more fun to is Catering to the of the Industry be by myself. Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay! When you haven't had a sense of having a large social support group, it can be difficult to lord flies character traits develop and maintain a social support group later. Opposing Viewpoints On Homosexuality Essay! Most people take this for granted -- they have friends, family, church folks and a sense of of the flies character, community to lean on. They know that they are isolated only if they choose to be. But for those of us who have moved around a lot, stable community is a new concept, and it takes time to Opposing Essay really understand or trust it. The rootlessness and struggle with intimacy will create all kinds of learning opportunities in any close relationship a global nomad has. Those who have grown up in one place will probably have a tough time understanding their friend or partner's restlessness, the desire to move, the need for on the Banality Essay change. And if you're with another global nomad. . Viewpoints Essay! . who gets to choose where to live next?! Of course there are those who, having moved all over the world as a child have no intention of moving again, ever! They can become very permanently settled, but this is lord, less common, particularly during the college transition. Unresolved grief is probably the heaviest burden in the backpack of the global nomad.
When you say goodbye as many times as a global nomad does you can start building up some pretty intense grief. I've been told the average number of goodbyes for global nomads is eight times by Opposing, the time they're 18 years old, although for me it was five times. But that's just the on the Essay times when I was the one leaving, it doesn't include the goodbyes I said to others who were going while I stayed behind. How you handle partings becomes a critical component of the rest of Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality, your life. It's taken me years to figure out how to respond when even small goodbyes trigger mudslides of denial and emotion. For example, 24 hours before my fiancee leaves for a three day business trip I start withdrawing. A sense of loneliness way out of proportion with the time he will be gone wells up in me. And as I'm driving away from dropping him at the airport, I always cry. Over the last year I've gone from tears streaming down my face to a tear drop or two, and now I don't have a crushing sense that I'll NEVER see him again. Because now I know it's less about Comparing American Essay, him leaving than it is about my emotional goodbye button getting a firm push.
The goodbye at the airport scenario takes on gothic, mythic overtones for the global nomad. Grief happens and Opposing Viewpoints on Homosexuality Essay it can't be reasoned with. The truth is there's only way out of it -- and that is by going through it. If nobody gives you time to India is Catering to the Automotive Essay say what you're feeling out loud, to listen to Viewpoints you in your sadness, or to American acknowledge that it hurts to be away from people and places you love, you tend to Opposing stuff it all inside. And when this happens over several moves, you've got some pretty potent grief gnawing at your heart. Everyone experiences grief -- it's not that global nomads have a corner on the grief market. But we experience loss on a more regular and intense basis, and often with a greater sense of being alone than those who experience loss while living continuously in their home town. Parents and educators need to realize that it is critical for the global nomad (and themselves) to have time to grieve.
Parents need to witness to that grief. Without guilt, without defensiveness -- but to really hear the when did the camps start sadness. Otherwise, that grief and loneliness will help create relationship chaos for that global nomad throughout his or her life. Technology -- and a culture that values stoicism -- doesn't allow much time for dealing for grief anymore. Opposing On Homosexuality! Planes take off from the US and Comparing American Essay land half a world away in on Homosexuality, a matter of 13 hours. When Start! Air journies don't lend themselves to grieving. You're dehydrated (no way to cry), cramped (no room to draw a breath) and in Opposing Essay, a public area (the person next door is not going to be thrilled about witnessing your emotional squall). There used to be time to process grief associated with travel. My ancestors who left Scandinavia in 1891 and 1902 took steamship rides that lasted five or six weeks -- they had ample time to process their leave-taking.
There is did napoleon advantage his rise, another closely related con here too, which is unresolved anger. I'm not going to write about it yet though, because I haven't figured this one out. I can say that it's there, but I can't offer any perspective or suggestions for how to recognize or cope with it yet. . . but give me time. What I realized writing this is that every pro carries seeds of cons and every con carries seeds of pros. Opposing Essay! Because global nomads have ached at Arendt Essay the loss of locations and friends we love, we tend to be highly compassionate and empathic folks. We understand isolation, we understand discomfort around being new, we understand the feeling of not belonging. It is a rare global nomad who will not reach out to the person who is new, or try to Opposing Essay comfort someone suffering from a deep loss.
To this day certain memories are a source of joy and wonder to me. I am continually reminded of how blessed I have been to India to the Demand of the Industry Essay have two parents who were brave and strong enough to venture into unknown lands. Opposing On Homosexuality Essay! They wanted to get to Reality Essay know people in various countries on a deep personal level, rather than isolating themselves comfortably in ex-pat communities. When I get married this coming August there will be people present who will have traveled from all over the US, Germany, Japan, Australia and Singapore to join the Opposing Viewpoints Essay celebration. These are people who have been part of my family's international community of friends for decades. It is an honor to know that I am woven into the weave of so many different worlds.
I can truthfully say that looking back from where I am today, I wouldn't have choosen a different childhood. 1997, Debra Carlson, WorldWeave Publications.